Screening increases the chances of finding certain cancers early when
they are most likely to be curable. Learn about the types of tests done
to find and diagnose cancer here.
At Horizon Cancer Care, we offer:
- Breast cancer screening
- Cervix & gynaecological cancer screening
- Colon cancer screening
- Prostate cancer screening
- Lung cancer screening
Breast cancer :
Beginning at age 20: monthly Breast Self-Examination (BSE)
Age 30 to 39 : monthly BSE + Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) by doctor every two years.
Age 40-69 : monthly BSE + Clinical Breast Examination by doctor yearly mammogram & Ultrasound breasts yearly
Begin at 21: pap smear every 3 yrs
30-64 yrs: pap every 3 yrs or pap + HPV testing every 5 y Annual pelvic examination by doctor
PSA ( prostate-specific antigen) every year or once in two years in men above 50 yrs
If you meet any of the criteria below, you should receive a lung cancer screening: Low-Dose CT Scan Lung every year
– You’re between the ages of 55 and 77.
– You’re a current smoker or a former smoker who quit within the past 15 years.
– You have a 30 pack-year history of smoking (one pack per day for a year equals a pack-year).
Starts after 50 yrs age Fecal (stool) occult blood test- yearly Sigmoidoscopy every 5 yrs Colonoscopy every 10 yrs
Screening tests are not validated, however, certain tests can be considered in at-risk individuals – like
-Regular examination of the mouth, throat who consume chewing form of tobacco
-Ultrasound of abdomen for liver tumors in cirrhotic patients, for gall bladder cancers with individuals with gall stones or living in high-risk areas, for kidney tumors in smokers and general population
– CA 125 with TVUS (transvaginal USG ) in high-risk women for ovarian & uterine cancer
Prevention: Manage Your Risk
Prevention is a cornerstone of Horizon’s approach to eliminating cancer. You can reduce your and your family’s risk for cancer by making healthy lifestyle choices, getting screened and vaccinating your children.
Smoking And Tobacco :
People who smoke tobacco can get affected by cancer. If you have the habit of smoking, then it’s time to quit the habit to lower your disease risks and helps you live longer. Tips to help you beat tobacco and nicotine addiction:
- Get ready. Pick a quit date and make it special
- Get support. Request for support from your family and friends.
- Engage yourself in acquiring new skills and behavior
- Bring necessary changes in your day-to-day routine that triggers your tobacco use
- Try mints, sunflower seeds or gum to keep your mouth busy
- Consider nicotine replacement therapy
- Have patience & willpower. It takes multiple attempts to quit smoking
The food you eat plays a vital role in cancer prevention. You can take the following steps to maintain a healthy diet, manage your weight and reduce your risk of cancer:
- Eat a plant-based diet & protien
- Limit red meat. Red meat contains substances that have been linked to colorectal cancer. Pork, beef, lamb, deer and buffalo are all red meat. Prefer lean animal protein like fish and chicken.
- Choose whole grains over refined grains. Whole grains are high in fiber, which can help you stay lean and lower your cancer risk.
- Avoid processed meat. Hotdogs, sausage, lunch meats and other processed meats contain cancer-causing substances, and eating these meats can damage your DNA, raising your colon cancer risks.
- Avoid alcohol. Alcohol ncreases your chances of developing oral, breast and liver cancers.
Staying active can help you lower your risk of many types of cancer including breast, colorectal and uterine cancers. Exercise helps you
- Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese raises your risk
- Regulate hormone levels. Increased levels of some hormones can increase cancer risk
- Speeds digestion, which may reduce the time that potentially harmful substances are in the colon.
UV rays can cause skin aging & skin cancer . You can protect your skin from damaging UV rays by following these steps:
- Avoid going outdoors, when the sun’s rays are strongest.
- Use sunscreen and lip balm with at least SPF 30.
- Wear sunglasses with both UVA and UVB protection.
Human papilloma virus (HPV), spread by skin-to-skin or sexual contact
Several types of HPV cause genital warts & cervical, anal, vaginal, vulvar,penile & throat cancers.
cervical cancer screening can detect precancerous and cancerous lesions early.
human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine: can prevent developing warts and cancers:
Gardasil: is given in three doses at 0,2 and 6 months between ages 9-12.
Cervarix: is given in three doses at 0,1 and 6 months between ages 9-12
VIRAL HEPATITIS AND CANCER
Infection with hepatitis B or C can cause long-term illness which can lead to liver damage and liver cancer…
spread through infected blood, semen and other body fluids
The best way to protect yourself against hepatitis B is to get vaccinated.
Anyone 18 and younger should be vaccinated.
Infants should be vaccinated against the virus at birth, and complete by 6-18 months old.
Hepatitis C :
spread through infected blood.
There is no vaccine against hepatitis C.
The treatment success rate for hepatitis C is about 90 per cent.
Steps to protect yourself against hepatitis
- Get vaccinated (hepatitis A and B only)
- Never share syringes, needles or other drug equipment
- Do not share items that might have blood or other body fluids on them, such as toothbrushes or razors
- If you get a tattoo, make sure the tools are sterile
- Practice safe sex and use a condom
Risk reduction for Ovarian Cancer:
- Oral contraceptives (the pill)
- Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy